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Fitness & Health

Doping in sports

Lesedauer: 4 Minuten

The term “doping”

Basically, the expression “doping“ was first mentioned in an English dictionary in 1889. Back then, it was described as a mixed remedy for the purpose of enhancing the performance of racehorses. In the first place though, doping was made from remnants of grapes. It was used for various rituals or fights. Even Olympic athletes (over 2,000 years ago), were already using drugs/remedies like bulls’ blood, bull testicles and more, in order to optimize their achievements. All in all, “doping” can be associated with the meaning of utilization of illegal substances with stimulating properties in order to reinforce the athlete’s performance. Doping was initially illegalized in 1967.


Nada (Austria)

Nada stands for “National Anti Doping Agency”.

This federation was founded in 2008 in Vienna as GmbH (Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung / company with limited liability). It is a non-profit and independent organization which has many duties, for example:

  • plan, implement and monitor doping-controls
  • triage, analysis, assessment of information (regarding potential violations against the doping provisions)
  • collaboration with national investigation-institutions

Moreover, Nada is a service facility which warrants an equitable, fair and neat practice of sports. Through establishment and adherence of international standards, the comparison of athletes of different nationalities under the same circumstances should be provided. Furthermore, another goal is to support athletes at their self-confident, autonomous decision against doping.


Wada

Wada stands for “World Anti Doping Agency”.

This federation was established in 1999 and has its site in Montreal, Canada. It’s core mission is to lead a collaborative world-wide movement for doping-free sport. Wada’s key activities/values include, for example:

  • scientific research
  • development of anti-doping capacities/policies/procedures/practices
  • monitoring of the Anti-Doping Code*
  • protecting the rights of all athletes in relation to anti-doping

Additionally, Wada is an organization which is impartial, self-reflective and takes care of equity and integrity in the sports environment.


Why is doping prohibited? (according to Nada)

  1. Health risks (it depends which substances are consumed)

blood bulge – therefore higher risk of thrombosis, heart attack, infections,…

  1. Naturality

The fascinating aspect of sport comes with the demonstration of what a human’s body is capable of. Through the use of doping, one’s performance is artificially boosted, which destroys this fundamental notion.

  1. The journey is the reward

In the world of sport, the athlete has to conquer his/her own obstacles. Through manipulation and doping, the journey is forcefully altered and the obstacle easily removed. Consequently, victory is prioritized as the most important value. Thus, how this goal has been accomplished loses its worth.

  1. Responsibility

Pro athletes not only represent themselves or their team, they represent their whole country. With that, a lot of responsibility is demanded due to the influence they have on their audience, especially through the media. It can result in detrimental consequences and scandals. The prerequisite in sports is morality, sportsmanship and fairness, not deceit, and doping is considered as imposture.

  1. Fraud

Doping athletes do not respect rules and regulations and, hence, deceive their opponents, operatives, sponsors, spectators and even the type of sport itself.


Doping methods

  • blood-doping
  • pharmacological
  • chemical and physical manipulation
  • drugs subjected to certain restrictions

Sanctions

The consequences of doping could be the demise of one’s sport career, one’s reputation and future prospects both in and out of sport.

  • disqualification of results at an event, including forfeiture of medals
  • a ban from all sport (training/competing/coaching) for up to 4 years or even life in repeat or the most serious cases
  • publication of your anti-doping rule violation
  • financial penalties

Why do athletes dope?


Anti-Doping Code

* the document harmonizing anti-doping policies in all sports and all countries.

Feel free to browse through the Anti – Doping Code 2021 (PDF) provided above.


Anti-Doping License

https://aktiv.nada.at/totara/catalog/index.php

There are different licences/certificates you can complete if you are interested. 

It definitely wouldn’t look bad on your CV (Curriculum Vitae = Lebenslauf) if you have to write one sometime 😉

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doping_in_sport

https://www.gesundheit.gv.at/leben/bewegung/gesunde-bewegung/doping

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17511321.2017.1351483

https://www.nada.at/de/nada-austria/aufgaben-ziele

https://www.wada-ama.org/en/who-we-are

https://www.planet-wissen.de/gesellschaft/sport/doping_gefaehrliche_mittel/pwiegeschichtedesdopings100.html#Altertum

https://drugfreesport.org.nz/the-consequences-of-doping/

https://books.google.at/books?hl=de&lr=&id=R-hIC-caIn8C&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=doping+in+sports&ots=3bxEMWOle2&sig=DUHQitFQKIehqO-mSXCw3EpdIyM#v=onepage&q=doping%20in%20sports&f=false

https://www.jura.uni-leipzig.de/fileadmin/_processed_/d/f/csm_pic_3d1a951d0720201203102202_b6e6ead250.jpg

https://media.istockphoto.com/photos/doping-for-athletes-golds-silver-and-bronze-medal-and-doping-syringe-picture-id1196155119?s=612×612

https://www.nada.at/de/getpic/HSZDrYeTxqE9Q/300/

https://www.nada.at/de/getpic/UXO3lxCQ5RXWc?.jpg

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Vanessa

Von Vanessa

Hi there!

I’m Vanessa, a passionate athlete. (Volleyball)
I also love reading and writing, which is why I aim to be a journalist.

upcoming graduate

Proud to be on the team :)

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